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Food & Supplements

  • Maxine’s Burn Protein Powder vs. Horley's Sculpt Protein

    What is Maxine’s Burn Protein Powder?

    Maxine’s Burn Protein Powder is a unique thermogenic protein supplement that includes both an effective protein blend and several fat burning ingredients. Working together, the protein blend may help to support lean muscle tissue growth while the thermogenics may promote an enhanced rate of fat burning.

     

    Highlights

    • Over 21 grams of protein
    • Offers a protein blend of isolate, concentrate, and casein, which will provide you will amino acids for hours
    • Features 4 proven fat burning ingredients
    • Contains fibre to help curb appetite and promote proper digestion

     

    Why You Should Use Maxine’s Burn Protein Powder

    With over 21 grams of protein from three sources, Maxine’s Burn Protein Powder is an effective way to support muscle recovery and growth. What’s more, if you are focusing on losing weight rather than gaining muscle, the three types of protein will help you feel fuller for longer.  Horley’s Sculpt Protein falls short at 18 grams of protein but it does feature a blend from plant and animal sources.

     

    As a thermogenic protein powder, Maxine’s strives to support an advanced rate of fat burning. This is going to be useful if you are doing everything you can to shed more fat for competition or for general weight loss. Maxine’s contains green tea extract, L-carnitine, phaseolamin, choline, and inositol. All of these ingredients have been shown to boost your metabolic response.

     

    Things to Watch Out for With Maxine’s Burn Protein Powder

    While we’re happy to see the fat burning ingredients that are present within Maxine’s Burn Protein Powder, we have to point out the fact that they are not appropriately dosed. For example, if you purchase a green tea extract supplement, the standard dosage is going to be around 100 mg whereas in Maxine’s, the dosage is only 25 mg per serving.

     

    Horley’s Sculpt Protein has the same issue. Some ingredients are dosed higher in Maxine’s such as L-Carnitine where Horley’s has more green tea extract. In this regard, the two brands are tied.

     

     

    What is Horley's Sculpt Protein?

    Horley's Sculpt Protein is a female-friendly protein that contains several thermogenic compounds to support fat loss in additional to lean muscle tissue gains.

     

    Highlights

    • Over 18 grams of protein per serving
    • Features a plant and animal blend of whey and soy
    • Contains 3 proven fat burners
    • Gluten free

     

    Why You Should Use Horley's Sculpt Protein

    A blend of plant and animal protein is becoming more commonplace as studies show the need for more plant-based nutrients in our diet. Plant proteins have also been shown to be as effective as whey protein for building muscle mass.

     

    Things to Watch Out for With Horley's Sculpt Protein

    As mentioned above, Horley’s Sculpt Protein does contain thermogenic ingredients but the dosing does fall a bit short.

     

    The one thing we really want to focus on with Horley’s is the fact that the brand uses soy protein. Yes, it’s non-GMO but the presence of soy in a protein supplement can be a good or bad thing depending on who you are.

     

    If you are following a no-soy diet, then you’ll be better off with Maxine’s Burn Protein as Horley’s contains both soy isolate and concentrate.

     

    Which Supplement Should You Choose?

    This really comes down to whether or not soy is an issue for your dietary preferences. If you would rather avoid soy as much as possible, stick with Maxine’s Burn Protein Powder. Maxine’s also has the higher protein percentage per serving so that’s an added bonus.

     

    If soy isn’t an issue, we would recommend trying both and deciding which brand you see better results with. As always, let us know in the comments below which brand you prefer!

     

    References

    1. Tsutsumi R, Tsutsumi YM. Peptides and proteins in whey and their benefits for human health. Austin J Nutri Food Sci 2014;1(1): 1002

     

    1. Blomstrand E, Eliasson J, Karlsson HK, Köhnke R. Branched-chain amino acids activate key enzymes in protein synthesis after physical exercise. J Nutr. 2006 Jan;136(1 Suppl):269S-73S.

     

    1. Norton, Layne, Layman, Donald. Leucine Regulates Translation Initiation of Protein Synthesis in Skeletal Muscle after Exercise. J. Nutr. February 2006 vol. 136 no. 2 533S-537S.

     

    1. Negro M, Giardina S, Marzani B, Marzatico F. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation does not enhance athletic performance but affects muscle recovery and the immune system. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2008 Sep;48(3):347-51.

     

    1. Mourier A, Bigard AX, de Kerviler E, Roger B, Legrand H, Guezennec CY. Combined effects of caloric restriction and branched-chain amino acid supplementation on body composition and exercise performance in elite wrestlers. Int J Sports Med. 1997 Jan;18(1):47-55.

     

    1. De Lorenzo A, Petroni ML, Masala S, Melchiorri G, Pietrantuono M, Perriello G, Andreoli A. Effect of acute and chronic branched-chain amino acids on energy metabolism and muscle performance. Diabetes Nutr Metab. 2003 Oct-Dec;16(5-6):291-7.

     

    1. Hashimoto R, Sakai A, Murayama M, Ochi A, Abe T, Hirasaka K, Ohno A, Teshima-Kondo S, Yanagawa H, Yasui N, Inatsugi M, Doi D, Takeda M, Mukai R, Terao J, Nikawa T. Effects of dietary soy protein on skeletal muscle volume and strength in humans with various physical activities. J Med Invest. 2015;62(3-4):177-83. doi: 10.2152/jmi.62.177.

     

    1. Chacko SM, Thambi PT, Kuttan R, Nishigaki I. Beneficial effects of green tea: A literature review. Chinese Medicine. 2010;5:13. doi:10.1186/1749-8546-5-13.

     

    1. Brandsch C, Eder K. Effect of L-carnitine on weight loss and body composition of rats fed a hypocaloric diet. Ann Nutr Metab. 2002;46(5):205-10.
  • You Need to Use These 3 Electrolytes During Your Workout

    To say that electrolytes are important would be an understatement. You can go weeks without eating but without electrolytes, you have a few days in the best-case scenario. Electrolytes help to produce electrical charges throughout the body once consumed and they play vital roles in everything you do. Your heart needs proper electrical charges to beat normally. Your muscles need electrolytes to simply contract.

     

    When you exercise, you are sweating and as you sweat, you lose electrolytes. If you sweat out too many electrolytes, you may feel fatigue or become weaker during some movements. This is why electrolyte-loaded drinks are so popular. The problem is that those drinks are also packed with sugar and artificial preservatives. The solution is to make your own electrolyte supplement.

     

    Let’s take a look at three of the best electrolytes to include in your supplement. We’ll even tell you how you can make your own electrolyte supplement.

     

    Calcium

    You may already know the important role of calcium in maintaining proper bone health. What you may not know is that calcium is an important electrolyte that hosts a variety of benefits. Aside from helping to maintain ideal electrolyte levels, calcium can also help with post-workout recovery.

     

    What’s more, resistance training with calcium supplements may help to support healthy bone mass and growth. (1-2)

     

    Proper Dosage:

    • Standard dosage: 500 mg
    • Very active dosage: 1,000 (two 500 mg servings)

     

    Magnesium

    Magnesium is considered by many as a super mineral as it plays over 300 important roles in the human body, one of which is its duty as an electrolyte.

     

    Magnesium is quick to be used up, even outside of physical fitness so it’s very important that if you supplement with any electrolyte, it’s this one. Aside from maintaining proper electrolyte levels, magnesium is also essential for promoting lean tissue growth and recovery, supporting healthy sleep cycles, and increasing your immune response. (3-4)

     

    Proper Dosage:

    • Standard dosage: 100 mg
    • Very active dosage: same as above

     

    Coconut Water Powder

    It’s hard to miss the coconut craze that’s sweeping the globe. The benefits of the coconut are growing by the week as more and more studies reveal what’s been hidden inside its hard shell. Coconut water is packed with key vitamins, minerals, fiber, and most importantly, electrolytes.

     

    Coconut water contains five important electrolytes: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium. Not only is it essential for replacing electrolyte levels but coconut water powder is also a powerful antioxidant, helping to removal waste toxins and free radicals. (5-6)

     

    Proper Dosage:

    • Standard dosage: 5 grams
    • Very active dosage: 10 grams (split between two servings)

     

    Make Your Own Electrolyte Supplement

    Why go searching for the perfect electrolyte supplement when you can create your own in the comfort of your home? With the Amino Z Supplement Builder, you can create your very own electrolyte supplement. Feel free to use this article as a guide or you can add in more ingredients from the long list that we provide. Have any questions? Let us know in the comments below!

     

    References

    1. Reinwald S, Weaver CM, Kester JJ. The health benefits of calcium citrate malate: a review of the supporting science. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2008;54:219-346. doi: 10.1016/S1043-4526(07)00006-X.

     

    1. Sunyecz JA. The use of calcium and vitamin D in the management of osteoporosis. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management. 2008;4(4):827-836.

     

    1. Abraham GE, Grewal H. A total dietary program emphasizing magnesium instead of calcium. Effect on the mineral density of calcaneous bone in postmenopausal women on hormonal therapy. J Reprod Med. 1990 May;35(5):503-7.

     

    1. Nichols, Helen. “15 Science-Backed Health Benefits of Magnesium” Well-Being Secrets. 24 Jan. 2017.

     

    1. Ismail I, Singh R, Sirisinghe RG. Rehydration with sodium-enriched coconut water after exercise-induced dehydration. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2007 Jul;38(4):769-85.

     

    1. Voller J, Zatloukal M, Lenobel R, Dolezal K, Béres T, Krystof V, Spíchal L, Niemann P, Dzubák P, Hajdúch M, Strnad M. Anticancer activity of natural cytokinins: a structure-activity relationship study. Phytochemistry. 2010 Aug;71(11-12):1350-9. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.04.018. Epub 2010 Jun 1.
  • Create a Pre-Workout: Top 5 Energy Boosting Ingredients

     

    Are you unhappy with your current pre-workout brand? Is it falling short on providing you with the energy you need to crush your workouts and achieve your fitness goals? Why not create your own?

     

    Thanks to revolutionary supplement technology, you’re now able to create your very own pre-workout supplement. You control which ingredients go in and the dosage of each individual ingredient per serving. If you’re ready to make your masterpiece, let’s take a look at the top 5 energy boosting ingredients to put in your pre-workout supplement.

     

    L-Tyrosine

    Let’s kick off the list with L-Tyrosine. This up-and-coming amino acid has been shown in several studies to be a powerful way to boost cognitive function, improve focus, and support your workout performance.

     

    As a cognitive booster, L-Tyrosine is considered a nootropic. It’s ideal for supporting the learning process and working memory. It also helps to boost your mood and alleviate symptoms from depression. Best of all, it puts your focus in the zone during workouts. (1-3)

     

    Dosage to Use Per Serving:

    • Standard dose: 500 mg
    • Very active individuals: 700 mg

     

    Beta Alanine

    If you’ve ever used a high-quality pre-workout supplement before then you know exactly when Beta Alanine kicks in because it has that tell-tale tingling and flushed feeling that runs down your neck. Beta Alaine is also an amino acid and it’s widely used due to its performance-enhancing benefits.

     

    Studies show that Beta Alanine supplementation can support your performance during your workouts especially in the area of endurance. It also kickstarts your way to recovery and muscle growth. (4-6)

     

    Dosage to Use Per Serving:

    • Standard dose: 1,200 mg
    • Very active individuals: 2,000 mg

     

    Guarana Extract

    This herbal extract has been used for hundreds of years to support overall wellness but researchers discovered that it had many other practical benefits including skyrocketing your energy levels. The nice thing about guarana is that it delivers the energy boosting and focus enhancing benefits of caffeine without the jitters or anxiety.

     

    If you’re looking for a natural way to boost your workout performance and promote cognitive function such as focus and alertness, guarana needs to be in your pre-workout supplement. (7-8)

     

    Want to know how to create your very own supplement? You can use the Amino Z Supplement Builder to do just that! Try it today and create your ideal pre-workout supplement.

     

    Dosage to Use Per Serving:

    • Standard dose: 500 mg
    • Very active individuals: 1,000 mg

     

    Agmatine Sulfate

    While Agmatine may not directly support energy levels like guarana, it does significantly help your workout performance as a nitric oxide booster. Higher levels of nitric oxide in the blood during your workout may equate to that pumped up feeling that many weight lifters strive to experience. Agmatine is also helpful for recovery as it alleviates inflammation and soreness. (9-11)

     

    Dosage to Use Per Serving:

    • Standard dose: 700 mg
    • Very active individuals: 1,000 mg

     

    Caffeine Anhydrous

    Last but certainly not least, no pre-workout supplement is complete without some help from caffeine. If you drink coffee every morning, you know exactly what caffeine can do for you. It spikes your energy levels, ignites your focus, and boosts your overall performance. This isn’t just hearsay, there are plenty of studies out there confirming that caffeine is one of the best natural energy boosters you can get your hands on. (12-14)

     

    Dosage to Use Per Serving:

    • Standard dose: 150 mg
    • Very active individuals: 300 mg

     

    Conclusion

    Looking for an effective pre-workout supplement? Why not make your own? Now you can with the Amino Z Supplement Builder. Use our guide above to make an incredible potent pre-workout. You can even experiment and try other ingredients that suit your body and fitness goals. Try it today!

     

    References

    1. Colzato LS, Jongkees BJ, Sellaro R, Hommel B. Working Memory Reloaded: Tyrosine Repletes Updating in the N-Back Task. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 2013;7:200. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00200.

     

    1. Reinstein DK, Lehnert H, Scott NA, Wurtman RJ. Tyrosine prevents behavioral and neurochemical correlates of an acute stress in rats. Life Sci. 1984 Jun 4;34(23):2225-31.

     

    1. Alan J. Gelenberg, M.D., Candace J. Gibson, Ph.D. Tyrosine for the Treatment of Depression. Nutrition and Health. 3:3, 163-173. July 1, 1984.

     

    1. Hobson RM, Saunders B, Ball G, Harris RC, Sale C. Effects of ?-alanine supplementation on exercise performance: a meta-analysis. Amino Acids. 2012 Jul;43(1):25-37. doi: 10.1007/s00726-011-1200-z. Epub 2012 Jan 24.

     

    1. Artioli GG, Gualano B, Smith A, Stout J, Lancha AH Jr. Role of beta-alanine supplementation on muscle carnosine and exercise performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010 Jun;42(6):1162-73. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181c74e38.

     

    1. Hoffman J, Ratamess N, Kang J, Mangine G, Faigenbaum A, Stout J. (2006) Effect of Creatine and Beta-Alanine Supplementation on Performance and Endocrine Responses in Strength/Power Athletes. IJSNEM, 16(4).

     

    1. Kennedy DO, Haskell CF, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB. Improved cognitive performance in human volunteers following administration of guarana (Paullinia cupana) extract: comparison and interaction with Panax ginseng. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2004 Nov;79(3):401-11.

     

    1. Moustakas D, Mezzio M, Rodriguez BR, Constable MA, Mulligan ME, Voura EB. Guarana Provides Additional Stimulation over Caffeine Alone in the Planarian Model. Holscher C, ed. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(4):e0123310. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0123310.

     

    1. Gilad GM, Gilad VH. Long-term (5 years), high daily dosage of dietary agmatine--evidence of safety: a case report. J Med Food. 2014 Nov;17(11):1256-9. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2014.0026. Epub 2014 Sep 23.

     

    1. Aggarwal S, Shavalian B, Kim E, Rawls SM. Agmatine enhances cannabinoid action in the hot-plate assay of thermal nociception. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Oct;93(4):426-32. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2009.06.004. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

     

    1. Galea, E et al. “Inhibition of Mammalian Nitric Oxide Synthases by Agmatine, an Endogenous Polyamine Formed by Decarboxylation of Arginine.” Biochemical Journal 316.Pt 1 (1996): 247–249. Print.

     

    1. Acheson KJ, Zahorska-Markiewicz B, Pittet P, Anantharaman K, Jéquier E. Caffeine and coffee: their influence on metabolic rate and substrate utilization in normal weight and obese individuals. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 May;33(5):989-97.

     

    1. Daniel Borota, Elizabeth Murray, Gizem Keceli, Allen Chang, Joseph M Watabe, Maria Ly, John P Toscano, & Michael A Yassa. Post-study caffeine administration enhances memory consolidation in humans. Nature Neuroscience 17, 201–203 (2014) doi:10.1038/nn.3623.

     

    1. David Furman, Junlei Chang, Lydia Lartigue, et al. Expression of specific inflammasome gene modules stratifies older individuals into two extreme clinical and immunological states. Nature Medicine 23, 174–184 (2017) doi:10.1038/nm.4267.
  • Boost Nitric Oxide, Build Muscle: Benefits of Agmatine

    Amino acids have become commonplace in the world of fitness supplements and with good reason: science has been revealing incredible benefits that positively impact life at home and in the gym.

     

    Agmatine sulfate is one such supplement. It is derived from the amino acid, L-Arginine, and it can be found in a variety of fitness supplements that support everything from your workout performance to your post-workout recovery.

     

    If you haven’t started using agmatine sulfate to support your workout goals, now is the time to start. Let’s take a look at the benefits of agmatine sulfate and how it can help you achieve your muscle building, weight loss, and performance driven goals.

     

    Agmatine Sulfate and Nitric Oxide

    Have you ever been working out, pushing your muscles past the point of fatigue, and you feel the muscle pumping up? This tight expanding feeling where you swear you can feel the blood pooling into the muscle is amplified when you have higher levels of nitric oxide in the body. When your goals are building bigger muscles or increasing muscular endurance, this pumped up feeling is what you strive for time and time again.

     

    Studies suggest that agmatine sulfate may be able to support nitric oxide production in the body. While it’s strong on its own, agmatine sulfate is far more effective when combined with other nitric oxide boosters including beta alanine and L-arginine. (1-3)

     

    Looking for an effective nitric oxide boosting supplement? Why not make your own? Now you can with the Amino Z Supplement Builder.

     

    Inflammation and Agmatine Sulfate

    If you’ve ever woke up sore after a workout, you know all too well about inflammation. This post-workout inflammation and accompanying soreness can limit your range of motion while keeping you from performing at your peak level. Aside from moving through a series of active stretches, you can also help to alleviate this inflammation by supplementing with agmatine sulfate.

     

    A review published in the Journal of Medicinal Food demonstrated that not only is agmatine sulfate safe but it may also be an effective way to reduce inflammation and the pain related to it. (1-3)

     

    Soreness, Pain, and Agmatine Sulfate

    Continuing with the idea above, inflammation can trigger varying levels of pain and soreness throughout the body. If you’re suffering from inflammation that’s not related to exercise, agmatine sulfate may be able to help.

     

    Studies suggest that agmatine sulfate can provide a degree of relief from common pain episodes such as with the lower back. What’s more, agmatine sulfate has been suggested to be a useful anti-stimulant, providing a feel of calm in response to environmental stressors such as pain. (1-3)

     

    How Much Agmatine Should You Use?

    Since many supplements containing agmatine sulfate provide less than the recommended dosage per serving, we want to make sure you know exactly what to look for when purchasing agmatine sulfate.

     

    It’s recommended to use 700 mg of agmatine sulfate to maximize the benefits mentioned above; however, if you’re a very active person then you’ll want to increase this dosage to 1 gram (1,000 mg).

     

    Looking for a high quality agmatine sulfate supplement? Why not create your own at the dosage level you need with the Amino Z Supplement Builder? Create your supplement masterpiece today and reach success faster!

     

    References

    1. Gilad GM, Gilad VH. Long-term (5 years), high daily dosage of dietary agmatine--evidence of safety: a case report. J Med Food. 2014 Nov;17(11):1256-9. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2014.0026. Epub 2014 Sep 23.

     

    1. Aggarwal S, Shavalian B, Kim E, Rawls SM. Agmatine enhances cannabinoid action in the hot-plate assay of thermal nociception. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009 Oct;93(4):426-32. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2009.06.004. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

     

    1. Galea, E et al. “Inhibition of Mammalian Nitric Oxide Synthases by Agmatine, an Endogenous Polyamine Formed by Decarboxylation of Arginine.” Biochemical Journal 316.Pt 1 (1996): 247–249. Print.
  • Pair Creatine with These 4 Supplement Ingredients

    Creatine monohydrate is one of the classic fitness supplements. Long before you had shelves lined with hundreds of options, creatine was one of the only options available. The fact that it’s still widely used within the industry speaks to how effective it is.

     

    Modern supplement research has shown creatine’s ability to support intra-workout performance, boost muscle building, and enhance recovery. Studies have also revealed a variety of useful ingredients outside of creatine that can support your fitness goals. What’s more, some of these ingredients work best when paired together. (1-2)

     

    Let’s take a look at the top 4 ingredients to combine with creatine to maximize fitness performance and physique goals.

     

    Beta Alanine

    Famous for that flushed and tingling feeling you get from taking it, beta alanine is found within most pre, intra, and post-workout supplements today.

     

    Studies suggest that supplementation with beta alanine can dramatically improve intra-workout performance. What’s more, it supports your recovery and muscle building while increasing carnosine levels.

     

    Creatine is broken down into adenosine triphosphate, which is the preferred fuel source for muscle mass. Combining this with beta alanine, you have an intra-workout duo that is sure to enhance performance and results. (1-6)

     

    Glutamine

    Glutamine is an amino acid that has been a staple of recovery and muscle building for years now. Glutamine may be able to alleviate the inflammation and soreness you feel post-workout. This is useful as you’ll be able to get back into the gym faster with less pain.

     

    What’s more, glutamine helps to protect your lean muscle tissue from breaking down due to a calorie restricted diet or over training. (7-9)

     

    Pairing glutamine with creatine provides your muscles with the fuel they need to perform while offering an elite level of protection from catabolism and soreness.

     

    Looking for the ideal creatine and glutamine supplement? Make your own with the Amino Z Supplement Builder! You control the ingredients and the dosage while using on the highest quality supplements. Try it today!

     

    Caffeine

    Caffeine is another ingredient that has become extremely popular within the fitness world. Most people rely on caffeine to start their day so it should come as no surprise that caffeine’s energy boosting benefits have become commonplace in fitness.

     

    Caffeine can do more than boost your energy levels. Studies suggest that caffeine can help boost your performance and alleviate post-workout soreness. (10-11)

     

    Combining caffeine with creatine is an obvious thing to do. Caffeine boosts your energy while creatine supplies muscle tissue with usable fuel. It’s a winning combination.

     

    AAKG

    Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate is a super charged version of L-Arginine and it’s incredibly effective for any fitness enthusiast looking to boost workout performance with an emphasis on nitric oxide levels.

     

    Higher N.O. levels have been shown to promote that classic pumped feeling of tight muscles while lifting. AAKG has been shown in studies to support intra-workout performance while aiding in lean muscle growth. (12-14)

     

    AAKG is an obvious choice to pair with creatine. It supports your workout performance while promoting higher levels of nitric oxide for better pumps. Combine this creatine as a fuel source and you’re sure to see an improvement during your workouts.

     

    Make Your Own Creatine Supplement

    If you want to invest in a supplement that can support your fitness performance and results, why leave it to chance that you’ll find the ideal supplement? You can make your very own supplement creatine with the Amino Z Supplement Builder.

     

    You control which high quality ingredients go in to your masterpiece. Follow our guidelines above or add ingredients to your liking. You’re in control! Try the Amino Z Supplement Builder today!

     

     

    References

    1. Kreider RB. Effects of creatine supplementation on performance and training adaptations. Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Feb;244(1-2):89-94.

     

    1. Robert Cooper, Fernando Naclerio, Judith Allgrove, and Alfonso Jimenez. Creatine supplementation with specific view to exercise/sports performance: an update. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2012; 9: 33. Published online 2012 Jul 20. doi: 10.1186/1550-2783-9-33.

     

    1. Hobson RM, Saunders B, Ball G, Harris RC, Sale C. Effects of ?-alanine supplementation on exercise performance: a meta-analysis. Amino Acids. 2012 Jul;43(1):25-37. doi: 10.1007/s00726-011-1200-z. Epub 2012 Jan 24.

     

    1. Artioli GG, Gualano B, Smith A, Stout J, Lancha AH Jr. Role of beta-alanine supplementation on muscle carnosine and exercise performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010 Jun;42(6):1162-73. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181c74e38.

     

    1. Saunders B, DE Salles Painelli V, DE Oliveira LF, DA Eira Silva V, DA Silva RP, Riani L, Franchi M, Gonçalves LS, Harris RC, Roschel H, Artioli GG, Sale C, Gualano B. Twenty-four Weeks of ?-Alanine Supplementation on Carnosine Content, Related Genes, and Exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 May;49(5):896-906. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001173.

     

    1. Hoffman J, Ratamess N, Kang J, Mangine G, Faigenbaum A, Stout J. Effect of creatine and beta-alanine supplementation on performance and endocrine responses in strength/power athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2006 Aug;16(4):430-46.

     

    1. Kreider RB. Effects of creatine supplementation on performance and training adaptations. Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Feb;244(1-2):89-94.

     

    1. Piattoly, Tavis. L-glutamine supplementation: effects on recovery from Exercise. Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College. (4 – 9) August 2005.

     

    1. Calder PC, Yaqoob P. Glutamine and the immune system. Amino Acids. 1999;17(3):227-41.

     

    1. Costill DL, Dalsky GP, Fink WJ. Effects of caffeine ingestion on metabolism and exercise performance. Medicine and Science in Sports [1978, 10(3):155-158].

     

    1. Kennedy DO, Haskell CF, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB. Improved cognitive performance in human volunteers following administration of guarana (Paullinia cupana) extract: comparison and interaction with Panax ginseng. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2004 Nov;79(3):401-11.

     

    1. Willoughby DS, Boucher T, Reid J, Skelton G, Clark M. Effects of 7 days of arginine-alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation on blood flow, plasma L-arginine, nitric oxide metabolites, and asymmetric dimethyl arginine after resistance exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2011 Aug;21(4):291-9.

     

    1. K. Hnia, J. Gayraud, G. Hugon, M. Ramonatxo, S. De La Porte, S. Matecki, et al. L-Arginine Decreases Inflammation and Modulates The Nuclear Factor-?b/Matrix Metalloproteinase Cascade In Mdx Muscle Fibers. Am J Pathol, 172 (6) (2008), pp. 1509-1519.

     

    1. B.I. Campbell, P.M. La Bounty, M. Roberts. The Ergogenic Potential of Arginine. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 1 (2) (2004), pp. 35-38.
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