Minerals are elements, substances composed of only one kind of atom. They are inorganic and unlike vitamins, they do not usually contain the carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms found in all organic compounds.
However, minerals can be part of organic molecules or combined with an organic molecule complex. Generally speaking, nutritionists classify them as either major or trace minerals. The difference lies mainly in how much is in the body and how much is needed to maintain a steady supply.
Here are some minerals worth featuring:
Boron is a trace mineral which occurs in the body in small amounts. It has been established as an essential mineral in humans. Boron appears to have several functions which include influencing calcium, phosphorus and magnesium metabolism; functionality of membranes; brain function and cognitive performance and bone formation.
Some studies also suggest boron’s effectiveness in reducing some allergies. Rheumatoid arthritis is often inflamed by allergies and parasites. Boron can kill the inflammatory bodies and lead to some relief within a week.
Boron also increases estrogen levels in women and testosterone levels in men. It is used to help regulate hormones, especially in women going through menopause.
Iodine is required for the proper function of the thyroid gland, which is essential for normal metabolism, energy production, growth, integrity of connective tissues and overall physical performance. Research supports the adequate daily intake of iodine for maintenance of overall health and performance.
Iodine deficiency results in an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), lethargy, weight gain, dry skin, delayed tendon reflexes and poor concentration.
In athletic circles, zinc has developed a reputation as one of the primary healing nutrients, testosterone boosters and a male fertility nutrient. Whilst zinc has a masculine reputation, it is essential to both males and females.
Zinc has many metabolic roles in the body and plays a role in growth, DNA synthesis, cell replication, fertility, reproduction and prostate gland function. Zinc functions as a free ion in cells as a part of the synthesis of biomolecules and a part of enzymes.
For any athlete, maintaining proper zinc intake is vital, especially for growth and repair of muscle tissue to meet the recovery demands of training. Dietary surveys on athletes report that low zinc intake is common. This occurs especially among endurance athletes, athletes on low calorie diets, strength athletes, bodybuilding athletes and female athletes.
Zinc deficiency can cause impaired growth, loss of appetite, skin changes, disrupted immune system, delayed sexual maturation, night blindness, hair loss, dermatitis and impaired healing.
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